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Scottish and Irish: habitational name from Crichton, near Edinburgh, first recorded c.1128 in the form Crectune, in 1287 as Crecton, and in 1360 as Creychtona. The name is probably an early hybrid compound of Old Welsh creic ‘rock’ + Older Scots tun ‘farm’, ‘settlement’ (Old English tun). In the British Isles, this spelling of the name is now found chiefly in northern Ireland; the more usual Scottish forms areand .